Key development areas: 28-30 months

Ensure that your toddlers consumes approximately 6,300 kilojoules each day
Ensure that your toddlers consumes approximately 6,300 kilojoules each day 

At this age your toddler may know how to walk on her tiptoes, jump at a low height (such a small step onto the ground) and identify many objects within one picture and is likely to be developing a sense of humour and taking delight in tricking and joking her parents. She will sometimes laugh when someone labels something incorrectly as they are increasingly able to see the humour in situations.

Around this time, your toddler will also use conventional word order to form more complex sentences, and expressing negative statements by tacking on a negative word such as ‘not’. A child who talks to herself is simply formulating her thoughts into words and practising language skills without self consciousness.

Throwing a ball underhand is also something else your two year old will learn, and she can drink from a proper cup now, using only one hand. She may also undertake classification tasks where she separates her dolls from her stuffed animals. Reading is more fun when your toddler is allowed to point, ask questions and turn pages. Following two-step commands such as “Walk into your room” is easy for your toddler and she is able to wash and dry her own hands too.

Her play may now involve time at the park and she probably enjoys swinging on a swing although may become nervous if she is too high or the swing is too fast. Games where liquids or sand are poured into a number of containers in different sizes are popular and your toddler will able to do this herself with minimal spilling. A typical toddler will also enjoy hiding in areas they fit into such as boxes and running will follow shortly. They will be able to find objects even when hidden under two or three covers due to an even greater understanding of object permanence.

Some twenty-eight to thirty month old toddlers will be able to recount events that happened earlier in the day and respond to questions where she is asked what and where, as her long term memory begins to be cultivated. Her ability to reason and understand will follow soon after. Structure and consistency are useful for helping this along, and looking at photos with your toddler may jog their memory and enable her to think of events in time frames. Your toddler may also be able to name a friend she sees in a picture and should recognise herself in a photo as well.

Reading is more fun when your toddler is allowed to point, ask questions and turn pages.

You may have noticed how involving your child at mealtimes has sped up her development as she has a better idea of how to behave like a grown up in that type of setting, as well as expanding on her social skills. With regards to food serving size, you need to ensure that your toddlers consumes approximately 6,300 kilojoules each day.

Signs that could suggest a developmental problem include refusing to play with adults and older children, preferring to be in their own world rather than interacting with others, not being able to run smoothly or safely climb stairs or onto low furniture, persistently drooling and speaking unclearly and always having extreme difficulty in being separated from her parents.

The information provided on Essential Baby is, at best, of a general nature and cannot substitute for the advice of a medical professional (for instance, a qualified doctor, child health nurse, pharmacist/chemist, and so on). If you have any concerns about your child’s development please contact a medical professional.

Discuss your 2-3 year old’s development the Essential Baby Forums.